UNIT 1: CLASSIFICATION

Study Questions  Lecture Outline
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KEY WORDS

Binomial Zygotic Meiosis
Linnaeus Gametic Meiosis
Species Plantarum Sporic Meiosis
Division Biosphere
Family Doctrine of Signatures
Herbarium Cladistics
Monera Syngamy
Prokaryotic TMV
Eukaryotic Alba
Protista

STUDY QUESTIONS

UNIT 1: CLASSIFICATION


1 - General term for the study of plant classification

2 - Term for a group of related families

3 - Kingdom which contains prokaryotic organisms

4 - Classification group where the individual freely interbreed

5 - Group of organisms which have no organized nucleus

6 - Group of organisms which are characterized by member which forms walls
	containing chitin

7 - General term for organisms which can grow with a simple carbon (CO2)
	source

8 - Type of life cycle where the diploid is dominant and the haploid
      is limited to the gametes

9 - Generation which is dominant in the zygotic life cycle

10 - Term for the fusion of gametes

11 - Term which refers to 2 generations (in the life cycle) which have the
	same form

12 - Generation which produces gametes after meiosis

13 - Kingdom which includes the blue-green prokaryotes

14 - Father of modern botany

15 - Ecological term for the total of all living organisms

16 - Doctrine which states that the key to plant use lies in plant form

17 - A plant which is a good luck charm - endowing its possessor with good
	health

18 - Individual who developed the Binomial classification system

19 - Language used as generic terms

20 - Book which first proposed our present system of classification

21 - Group which includes the most abundant organisms

22 - What is the molecular basis of cladistics



LECTURE OUTLINE

UNIT 1: CLASSIFICATION

Plants ubiquitous

Study of Botany - food, atmosphere

A - Classification systems
      1 - form
      2 - utilitarian
           Medical uses
             Age of herbals
              Doctrine of Signatures
                 ex: Walnut, liverwort, Mandrake
      3 - Linnaeian system
             a. polynomials replaced by binomial - genus and species
             b. Based on flower parts using latin terms
             c. Assignment of family, order, class and division (phylum)
                   - not necessarily on an evolutionary basis
      4 - Modern evolutionary approach - similarities between proteins and  
                DNA
             Cladistics - shared molecular characteristics as indicators of    
                 evolutionary relatedness

B - Study plants - specimens according to the International Code of Botanical 
    Nomenclature
      1 - location
           Botanical gardens
           Herbaria
      2 - areas of study - taxonomy, morphology, cytology, bryology, 
           horticulture


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